The burning of fossil fuels is the world’s leading cause of air pollution and a major global public health problem. It emits a wide range of harmful pollutants, including particulate matter, ozone, nitrogen dioxide, sulphur dioxide, mercury, and other hazardous air pollutants. The health effects of breathing polluted air include reduced lung function, asthma, cardiovascular disease, premature births, and premature death.

Public health impacts of coal


• Burning coal releases a number of harmful pollutants, including particulate matter, sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, and metals such as mercury, arsenic, chromium and carbon. ‘Other known and probable carcinogens.
• The public health consequences of coal mining, processing and combustion include respiratory disease, cancer, cardiovascular disease, kidney disease, poor reproductive performance, poor quality of life, mental health issues, etc
• Coal-fired power plants also harm public health by generating large amounts of coal ash, a by-product of burning coal that contains many toxic metals, including mercury, arsenic, lead, chromium, cadmium, nickel, zinc and others68. at least 737 coal ash landfills in 43 states, almost all of which contaminate groundwater with toxins.69 Power plants typically dispose of the ash. likely located near low-income communities.
• Breathing in and ingesting the toxins in charcoal ash can cause a host of health problems, including cancer, cardiovascular problems, and damage to the nervous system, 70 and research has documented an increase in health problems in children living in the city. nearby coal ash storage.
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